Teaching period

6th semester


Learning outcomes

  • Comprehension of practical exercise in order to treat kinetic and functional disorders such as disorders of posture, balance and gait,
  • Comprehension of the muscle tone disorders management,
  • Comprehension of the way Physiotherapy affects,
  • Critical skills development in order to choose the appropriate therapeutic intervention according to the patient’s clinical condition.


Teaching method

  • Demonstration of therapeutic intervention,
  • Use of evaluation scale for neurological patients,
  • Presentation of clinical examples,
  • Practical exercise by student groups.


Week by week schedule

The lab part of Physiotherapy in Neurological Diseases II is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is mandatory.


Week Unit


Clinical Disorders of the Kinetic Function in Injuries of the Central Nervous System


Therapy Techniques - Positions


Motility Assessment Scale (MAS) from Supine to Prone Decubitus I


Motility Assessment Scale (MAS) from Supine to Prone Decubitus II


Intermediate Evaluation


Sitting - Standing Position (MAS)


Gait (MAS)


Function of the Upper Limb - Hand (MAS)


Intermediate Evaluation


Physiotherapeutic Approach


Physiotherapeutic Approach for the Trunk


Physiotherapeutic Approach of Gait


Intermediate Evaluation


Spasticity - Paramorphias - Splints


Physiotherapy for Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Parkinson


Physiotherapy for Patients with Injuries of the Spinal Cord




Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. B. Draganski, A. May (2008) Training-included structural changes in the adult human brain Behavioural Brain Research 192, pp 137-142
  2. Madhu K. (2008) Brain development: anatomy, connectivity, adaptive plasticity and toxicity. Metabolism Clinical and Experimental 57 (Suppl 2), S2-S5
  3. Andrew J Butler, Steven L Wolf (2007) Putting the Brain on the Map: Use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Assess and Induce Cortical Plasticity of Upper-Extremity Movement. Physical Therapy, 719, Volume 87 Number 6
  4. Del Olmo FM, Arias P, Furio CM, Pozo MA, Cudeiro J (2006): Evaluation of the effect of training using auditory stimulation on rhythmic movement in Parkinsonian patients – a combined motor and [18F]-FDG PET study. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol 12, pp155-164
  5. Cakit DB, Saracoglou M, Genc H, Erdem RH, Levent Inan (2007): The effects of incremental speed-dependent treadmill training on postural instability and fear of falling in Parkinson’s Disease. Clinical Rehabilitation, vol 21, pp 698-705
  6. Canning CG, Alison JA, Allen NE, Groeller H (1997): Parkinson’s disease; an investigation of exercise capacity respiratory function and gait, Archieves Physical medicine Rehabilitation, vol 78, pp 233-241
  7. Cudo E, Leurgans S, Goetz GC (2004): Short-term and practice effects of metronome pacing in Parkinson’s disease patients with gait freezing while in the “on” state: randomized single blind evaluation. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol 10, pp 504-510


In Greek

  1. Levitt S. (2002) Θεραπεία της Εγκεφαλικής Παράλυσης και της Κινητικής Καθυστέρησης. (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Επιστημονικές Εκδόσεις Παρισιάνου,  Αθήνα (Treatment of Cerebral Paralysis and Kinetic Delay)



Lab assessment of Physiotherapy in Neurological Diseases II takes place on a daily basis with three more formal exam-type assessments which comprise of practical demonstration of techniques and methods from students. Except from the daily evaluation of students and the intermediate evaluation, a final examination takes place at the end of the semester. This examination is conducted by the teaching professors personally with the students divided in pairs, in order to recreate the skills they have obtained during the semester on each other. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 15-30 minutes. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

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