Teaching period

4th semester


Learning outcomes

  • Introduction to modalities,
  • Understanding of the physiological changes caused after their application,
  • Perform safely electrotherapy in order to heal different types of injured tissues,
  • Introduction to neuromuscular electrostimulation, TENS, FES, Iontophoresis, Laser, Shockwave, EMG Biofeedback,
  • Indications and contraindications in order to apply the assessment and decision making thinking for the appropriate electrotherapeutic or modalities, approach.


Teaching method

  • Lectures by the teaching professor,
  • Student presentations,
  • Lectures by guest professors,
  • Interactive sessions.


Week by week schedule

The theoretical part of Modalities – Electrotherapy II is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is essential.


Week Unit


Familiarization with the Equipment. Application with one or more Circuits. Electrode Installation, Interstitial Material


Galvanization. Hyperaemia as a Result of Applying Continuous Electricity. Iontophoresis


Interferential currents. Programs Combination, Reverse Polarity. Analgesic & Oedema Protocols


Electrodiagnostics. Finding the Kinetic Point, Chronaxia, Ratio Adjustment.


1st Intermediate Evaluation


Electrogymnastics. Program Compilation, Current Configuration, Monopolar Application


Electric Stimulation of Muscles without Physiological Neurosis. Outcome Evaluation of Electrodiagnostics. Power Configuration, Bipolar Application


Functional Electromuscular Stimulation (FES). Combination of Electric Stimulation with Active Exercise


Russian Stimulation (Kotz). 10-50-10 Technique


2nd Intermediate Evaluation


High FrequencyTENS. Applications with one or more Circuits


Low Frequency TENS. Electric Acupuncture. Burst. Finding Special Points with a Resistance Measurement Appliance


Cross Electricity. Bipolar and Monopolar Applications. Vector Successiveness, Automatic and Manual. Applications for Analgesia and Strengthening of Large Muscles


Strengthening and Analgesia Applications with High-voltage Power. Traebert Current.


3rd Intermediate Evaluation


Electromyographic (EMG) Biofeedback


Demonstration of Portable Electrotherapy Devices. Teaching the Patient to Use at Home




Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Matijaca A. (2009). Electro-Therapy in the Abstract for the Busy Practitioner. General Books
  2. Robertson V., Ward A., Low J., Reed A. (2006). Electrotherapy Explained: Principles and Practice. Butterworth – Heinemann
  3. Robinson A.J, Snyder-Mackler L. (2007). Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  4. Watson T. (2008). Electrotherapy: evidence-based practice
  5. Zimetbaum P.J., Josephson M.E. (2008). Practical Clinical Electrophysiology. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia


In Greek

  1. Γιόκαρης Π. (2007). Κλινική Ηλεκτροθεραπεία (2 τόμοι). Ιατρικές εκδόσεις Λίτσας, Αθήνα (ClinicalElectrotherapy, 2 Volumes)
  2. Φραγκοράπτης Ε. (2002). Εφαρμοσμένη Ηλεκτροθεραπεία. Εκδόσεις Σάλτο, Θεσ/νίκη (ClinicalElectrotherapy)



Assessment of the theoretical part of Modalities – Electrotherapy II takes place in the end of the semester and has 2 examination periods. In case somebody fails in the 1st exam, they may take the 2nd. If they fail twice, they have to attend the module/subject again. The examination students take is consisted of open and closed type questions. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 2 hours. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

Καταγραφή πληροφοριών & χαρακτηριστικών σχετικών με τα προβλήματα της οσφύος


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