Teaching period

4th semester


Learning outcomes

  • Understanding of the physiological changes caused after their application,
  • Perform safely electrotherapy in order to heal different types of injured tissues,
  • Introduction to neuromuscular electrostimulation, TENS, FES, Iontophoresis, Laser, Shockwave, EMG Biofeedback,
  • Indications and contraindications in order to apply the assessment and decision making thinking for the appropriate electrotherapeutic or modalities approach.


Teaching method

  • Power point presentations,
  • Use of appliances-accessories which are available for every student in the university facilities,
  • Use of students as models,
  • Means of contact,
  • Suggestions of the effects on biological tissues.


Week by week schedule

The lab part of Modalities – Electrotherapy II is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is mandatory.




Familiarization with the Equipment. Application with one or more Circuits. Electrode Installation, Interstitial Material


Galvanization. Hyperaemia as a Result of Applying Continuous Electricity. Iontophoresis


Interferential currents. Programs Combination, Reverse Polarity. Analgesic & Oedema Protocols


Electrodiagnostics. Finding the Kinetic Point, Chronaxia, Ratio Adjustment.


1st Intermediate Evaluation


Electrogymnastics. Program Compilation, Current Configuration, Monopolar Application


Electric Stimulation of Muscles without Physiological Neurosis. Outcome Evaluation of Electrodiagnostics. Power Configuration, Bipolar Application


Functional Electromuscular Stimulation (FES). Combination of Electric Stimulation with Active Exercise


Russian Stimulation (Kotz). 10-50-10 Technique


2nd Intermediate Evaluation


High Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation(TENS). Applications with one or more Circuits


Low Frequency TENS. Electric Acupuncture. Burst. Finding Special Points with a Resistance Measurement Appliance


Cross Electricity. Bipolar and Monopolar Applications. Vector Successiveness, Automatic and Manual. Applications for Analgesia and Strengthening of Large Muscles


Strengthening and Analgesia Applications with High-voltage Power. Traebert Current.


3rd Intermediate Evaluation


Electromyographic (EMG) Biofeedback


Demonstration of Portable Electrotherapy Devices. Teaching the Patient to Use at Home




Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Matijaca A. (2009). Electro-Therapy in the Abstract for the Busy Practitioner. General Books
  2. Robertson V., Ward A., Low J., Reed A. (2006). Electrotherapy Explained: Principles and Practice. Butterworth – Heinemann
  3. Robinson A.J, Snyder-Mackler L. (2007). Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  4. Watson T. (2008). Electrotherapy: evidence-based practice
  5. Zimetbaum P.J., Josephson M.E. (2008). Practical Clinical Electrophysiology. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia


In Greek

  1. Γιόκαρης Π. (2007). Κλινική Ηλεκτροθεραπεία (2 τόμοι). Ιατρικές εκδόσεις Λίτσας, Αθήνα (ClinicalElectrotherapy, 2 Volumes)
  2. Φραγκοράπτης Ε. (2002). Εφαρμοσμένη Ηλεκτροθεραπεία. Εκδόσεις Σάλτο, Θεσ/νίκη (ClinicalElectrotherapy)



Laboratory assessment of Modalities – Electrotherapy II takes place on a daily basis with three more formal exam-type assessments which comprise of practical demonstration of techniques and methods from students. Except from the daily evaluation of students and the intermediate evaluation, a final examination takes place at the end of the semester. This examination is conducted by the teaching professors personally with the students divided in pairs, in order to recreate the skills they have obtained during the semester on each other. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 15-30 minutes. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

Καταγραφή πληροφοριών & χαρακτηριστικών σχετικών με τα προβλήματα της οσφύος


Psaron 6, Myrtia 25100, Aigio, Greece
phone+30.2691061150 fax+30.2691061250
emailThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

find us on facebook