Teaching period

3rd semester


Learning outcomes

  • Comprehension of the basic physical rehabilitation and electrotherapy methods in various musculoskeletal diseases,
  • Comprehension of the evaluation and decision making rationale on the proper electrotherapeutic approach,
  • Skill development in writing treatment protocols.


Teaching method

  • Classic theoretical presentations,
  • Project presentations by students,
  • Discussions with students groups assigned with an issue briefing.


Week by week schedule

The theoretical part of the subject is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is essential.


Week Unit


Introduction to Electrotherapy - Modalities I


Fundamental Principles of Electrophysiology


Warm Compresses


Whirlpool - Intermediate Evaluation


Paraffin Bath


Ultrasounds I


Electrotherapy Systems


UV Radiation, Infrared Radiation


Short-wave Diathermias


Microwave Diathermias


Laser I


Shock Wave, Cervical - Lumbar Traction


Magnetic Fields


Patient Safety and Hygiene


Employee Safety and Hygiene


Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Aminoff M.J. (2005). Electrodiagnosis in Clinical Neurology. 5th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  2. Blum A.S., Rutkove S.B. (2007). The Clinical Neurophysiology Primer CD-ROM. Springer, Heidelberg
  3. Glaser R. (2004). Biophysics: An Introduction. Springer, Heidelberg
  4. Haken H. (2008). Brain Dynamics: An Introduction to Models and Simulations. 2nd ed. Springer, Heidelberg
  5. Robinson A.J, Snyder-Mackler L. (2007). Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  6. Zimetbaum P.J., Josephson M.E. (2008). Practical Clinical Electrophysiology. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia


In Greek

  1. Γιόκαρης Π. (2007). Κλινική Ηλεκτροθεραπεία (2 τόμοι). Ιατρικές εκδόσεις Λίτσας, Αθήνα (ClinicalElectrotherapy, 2 Volumes)
  2.  Φραγκοράπτης Ε. (2002). Εφαρμοσμένη Ηλεκτροθεραπεία. Εκδόσεις Σάλτο, Θεσ/νίκη (AppliedElectrotherapy)



Assessment of the theoretical part of modalities – Electrotherapy I takes place in the end of the semester and has 2 examination periods. In case somebody fails in the 1st exam, they may take the 2nd. If they fail twice, they have to attend the module/subject again. The examination students take is consisted of open and closed type questions. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 2 hours. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

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