Teaching period

3rd semester


Learning outcomes

By the end of the sessions, the students should be able to:

  • Distinguish modalities (diathermia, warm compresses, ultrasounds, laser etc),
  • Demonstrate the way and general principles of their function,
  • Report the fundamental protection principles for the patient and themselves,
  • Apply modalities to a person,
  • Make the appropriate preparations and evaluate the results,
  • Choose the appropriate parameters of each appliance for their patients,
  • Identify each appliance’s characteristics and distinguish their requirements, according to the manufacturer’s suggestions.


Teaching method

  • Power point presentations,
  • Use of appliances-accessories (ultrasounds, ultraviolet-infrared radiation, magnetic fields, traction, laser, shock wave etc) which are available for every student in the university facilities,
  • Use of students as models,
  • Means of contact,
  • Suggestions of the effects on biological tissues.


Week by week schedule

The lab part of Modalities – Electrotherapy I is summarised in 30therapy Lab is summarized in 32tudent in the university facilitiess Systemend of the treatment, or in situations where the pati teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is mandatory.


Week Unit


Introduction to Electrotherapy - modalities I


Warm Compresses


Warm Compresses




Paraffin Bath






UV & Infrared Radiation


UV & Infrared Radiation


Short wave & Microwave Diathermias


Short wave & Microwave Diathermias




Shock Wave


Magnetic Fields


Cervical - Lumbar Traction


Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. “Electrotherapy, Evidence-based practice”, Sheila Kitchen, Eleventh Edition
  2. “The Laser Therapy Handbook”, Jan Tuner & Lars Hode, Prima Book Editions, 2004
  3. Aminoff M.J. (2005). Electrodiagnosis in Clinical Neurology. 5th ed. Churchill Livingstone
  4. Blum A.S., Rutkove S.B. (2007). The Clinical Neurophysiology Primer CD-ROM. Springer, Heidelberg
  5. Glaser R. (2004). Biophysics: An Introduction. Springer, Heidelberg
  6. Haken H. (2008). Brain Dynamics: An Introduction to Models and Simulations. 2nd ed. Springer, Heidelberg
  7. Robinson A.J, Snyder-Mackler L. (2007). Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  8. Zimetbaum P.J., Josephson M.E. (2008). Practical Clinical Electrophysiology. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia


In Greek

  1. Γιόκαρης Π. (2007). Κλινική Ηλεκτροθεραπεία (2 τόμοι). Ιατρικές εκδόσεις Λίτσας, Αθήνα (ClinicalElectrotherapy, 2 Volumes)
  2. Φραγκοράπτης Ε. (2002). Εφαρμοσμένη Ηλεκτροθεραπεία. Εκδόσεις Σάλτο, Θεσ/νίκη (AppliedElectrotherapy)



Assessment of the lab part of Modalities – Electrotherapy I takes place on a daily basis with three more formal exam-type assessments which comprise of practical demonstration of techniques and methods from students. Except from the daily evaluation of students and the intermediate evaluation, a final examination takes place at the end of the semester. This examination is conducted by the teaching professors personally with the students divided in pairs, in order to recreate the skills they have obtained during the semester on each other. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 15-30 minutes. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

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