Teaching period

3rd semester


Learning outcomes

By the end of the semester, the students should be able to comprehend that:

  • Human movement and balance are governed by principles that constitute a mix of mechanical and neurophysiological functions,
  • The mechanism of acute and chronic traumatism is explained with the knowledge that we have for biomaterials mechanics (collagen tissues, muscles, bones, articular cartilages)
  • It is fundamental for a physiotherapist during rehabilitation to take under consideration that the previously mentioned mechanic properties are affected by factors such as age, immobilisation, exercise and traumatism,
  • Ergonomics defines the interaction of human abilities with the environmental characteristics and suggests rules for the safest and most effective welfare for any human.


Teaching method

  • Power point presentations,
  • Discussions on clinical applications of the curriculum.


Week by week schedule

The theoretical part of Biomechanics – Ergonomics is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is essential.




Introduction to Biomechanics: History, Basic Principles, Scientific Field


Introduction to Ergonomics: Nature, Field of Application


Fundamental Principles of Mechanics - Natural Laws, Charges on the Human Body


Composition - Analysis of Forces in Human Moves - Levers


Muscle Torque - Load


Human Balance: Control Organs, Mechanical Factors that Affect Balance


Arthrokinematics: Rolling, Slipping, Turning


Biomechanical Properties of Collagen Tissues: Mechanical Endurance of Tendons, Ligaments - Mechanisms of Traumatism, Healing


Biomechanical Properties of Articular Cartilages: Mechanical Behavior when Charged, Mechanisms of Traumatism


Biomechanical Properties of Bones: Stress, Fracture, Porosis


Measuring Instruments in Biomechanics


Linkage of Biomechanics with Orthotics Manufacture


Fundamental Principles of Ergonomics - Contribution to Improvement of Life Quality and Effectiveness


Recording of the most Significant Ergonomic Risks and the most Common Musculoskeletal Disorders Associated with Wrong Posture


Analysis of Ergonomic Positions and Charges in order to Prevent and Rehabilitate Injuries




Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Enoka. R. M. (2002). Neuromechanics of Human Movement-3rd Edition. Human Kinetics
  2. Jozsa L. (1997). Human Tendons - Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology. Human Kinetics
  3. Knudson D., Morrison C (2002). Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement-2nd Edition Human Kinetics
  4. Mac Intosh. B.R. (2006). Skeletal Muscle-2nd Edition - Form and Function Human Kinetics
  5. Nordin. M. (2001). Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System Lippincot
  6. Nordin M & Frankel V.H. (1989). Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. Lee & Febiger
  7. Oatis C.A. (2004). Kinesiology: The Mechanics & Pathomechanics of Human Movement. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  8. Perry J (1992).Gait analysis. Normal and pathological function”. Slack Incorporated
  9. Seibel M.J., Robins S.P., Bilezikian J.P. (2006). Dynamics of Bone and Cartilage Metabolism: Principles and Clinical Applications (Hardcover) 2nd ed by Academic Press
  10. Van Mow C. (2004). Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics and Mechano-Biology Lippincott
  11. Whittle M.W. (2007). Gait Analysis, 4th Edition - An Introduction. Butterworth-Heinemann


In Greek

  1. Πουλμέντης Πέτρος (2007). Βιολογική μηχανική – Εργονομία. Εκδόσεις Καπόπουλος (Biomechanics – Ergonomics)
  2. Ζαφειρόπουλος Γεώργιος (1997). Λειτουργική Ανατομική - Εμβιομηχανική του μυοσκελετικού συστήματος. Εκδόσεις Παρισιάνου (FunctionalAnatomy – BiomechanicsoftheMusculoskeletalSystem)
  3. Τσακλής, Π (2005). Γενικές Αρχές Εργονομίας και Προληπτική Φυσικοθεραπεία. University Studio Press (General Principles of Ergonomics and Preventive Physiotherapy)
  4. Λάιος, Λ.,  Γιαννακούρου, Μ (2003). Σύγχρονη Εργονομία. Εκδόσεις Παπασωτηρίου (Modern Ergonomics)



Assessment of the theoretical part of Biomechanics - Ergonomics takes place in the end of the semester and has 2 examination periods. In case somebody fails in the 1st exam, they may take the 2nd. If they fail twice, they have to attend the module/subject again. The examination students take is consisted of open and closed type questions. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 2 hours. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.

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