Teaching period

2nd semester


Learning outcomes

  • Comprehension of the Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System anatomy,
  • Awareness of the alveolusand the alveolar-capillary membrane in which the gas exchange occurs,
  • Knowledge of the anatomic parts of the heart and the distinction between systematic and pulmonary circulation,
  • Anatomic knowledge of digestive, genitourinary systems and the glands


Teaching method

  • Power Point projections with interactive sessions with the students,
  • Demonstration of the internal organs and the brain with the use of specimens.


Week by week schedule

The Anatomy II lab is summarized in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is mandatory.




Introduction to the Nervous System. Distinction of Central Nervous System, Peripheral Nervous System, Autonomic Nervous System. Neuron. White and Gray Matter


Central Nervous System. Brain. Anatomic Separation. Cerebral Hemispheres. Brain Lobes


Stem. Parencephalis. Meninges and Cerebrospinal Fluid


Spinal Cord. Distinction of the Myelotome, Neurotome, Dermotome.Peripheral Nervous System. Autonomic Nervous System. First evaluation


Heart Anatomy. Systematic and Pulmonary Circulation.


Main Arteries and Veins


Respiratory System. Nose, Paranasal Cavities. Larynx. Vocal Cords.


Tracheobronchial Tree. Alveolus. Alveolar-Capillary Membrane. Second evaluation


Digestive System. Gastrointestinal Tract


Liver, Gall Bladder, Biliary System, Pancreas


Urinary. Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder


Endocrine Glands. Third evaluation


Repetitional Session. Questions


Exam Preparation


Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Blummenfeld H. (2002). Neuroanatomy through clinical cases. Sinauer Associates
  2. Martin J. (2003). Neuroanatomy, Text and Atlas. McGraw and Hill
  3. Schnell R. (2009). Clinical Neuroanatomy. Lipinncott


In Greek

  1. Γίγης Π. (2002). Εισαγωγή στην Ανατομία του Ανθρώπου. University Studio press (Introduction to Human Anatomy)
  2. Γίγης Π., Παρασκευάς Γ. (1999). Νευροανατομία. ΚεντρικόΝευρικόΣύστημα. University Studio press (Neuroanatomy, Central Nervous System)
  3. Gray’s Anatomy by Drake R., Vogl W., Mitchell A.(2007). (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Ιατρικές εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδη
  4. Fitzerald MJ, Gruener G, Mitui E. Κλινική Νευροανατομία και Νευροεπιστήμες (2009). (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Iατρικές Εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδη (ClinicalNeuroanatomyandNeurosciences)
  5. Haines R. Νευροανατομία. (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Λειτουργίες και κλινικές εφαρμογές. Iατρικές Εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδη, 1999 (Neuroanatomy)
  6. Schnell R. (2009).  Κλινική Νευροανατομία. (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Εκδόσεις Λίτσας, Αθήνα (ClinicalNeuroanatomy)
  7. Moore (1998). Κλινική Ανατομική. (Μετάφραση Αγγλικής Έκδοσης), Ιατρικές Εκδόσεις Πασχαλίδη,  Αθήνα (ClinicalAnatomy)



Assessment of the lab part of Anatomy II takes place on a daily basis with three more formal exam-type assessments which comprise of practical demonstration of techniques and methods from students. Except from the daily evaluation of students and the intermediate evaluation, a final examination takes place at the end of the semester. This examination is conducted by the teaching professors personally with the students divided in pairs, in order to recreate the skills they have obtained during the semester on each other. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 15-30 minutes. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 8 ECTS credits.


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